The Joys of Old French

Language

tristan4

*** = very useful and a good start
† = RIP: out of print, rare, antiquarian, library-only multi-volume reference

DICTIONARIES

ONLINE

*** Aberystwyth-Swansea U – The Anglo-Norman Dictionary [EN: probably the best Old French online dictionary in the world, and arguably the best Old French dictionary full stop]

Heidelberg University – DEAF: Dictionnaire étymologique de l’ancien français

U Texas (Austin), Linguistics research Center/Early Indo-European Online – Old French Glossary [EN]

Douglas C. Walker, U Calgary – Lexique de l’ancien français [FR]

PRINT

*** Einhorn short glossary (password-protected, restricted access)

*** Greimas, Algirdas Julien (1979, 1992) Dictionnaire de l’ancien français. Paris: Larousse. [to modern French]

*** Hindley, Alan, Langley, Frederick W., and Levy, Brian J. (2006) Old French-English Dictionary. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P.

Tobler, A. & E. Lommatzsch (1969). Altfranzösisches Wörterbuch, Wiesbadesn: Franz Steiner. Also as an electronic edition, with add. eds. Peter Blumenthal and Achim Stein (2002). (aka Tobler-Lommatzsch)

*** Urwin, Kenneth (1946, rep.1986) A Short Old French Dictionary for Students. Oxford: Blackwell.

FRENCH ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARIES

Dauzat, Albert, Dubois, Jean, and Mitterand, Henri (1964, 1995) Dictionnaire étymologique et historique du français. Paris: Larousse. [modern FR; includes much of use on OF]

† Gilliéron, J. and Edmont, ed. (1902-1920) Atlas linguistique de la France. 12 t.. + suppléments. Paris: Champion [under revision by the C.N.R.S.]. Not technically an etymological dictionary as such – one of these fine great classics of the Golden Age of Philology, and above and beyond such trivial mundanities of definition and limitation. In honour of which, appearing here.

† Godefroy, F. (1880-1902) Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de toutes ses dialectes, du IXe au XVe s. 10 t. Paris: F. Vieweg; rep. Liechtenstein: Kraus.

Picoche, J. (1992) Dictionnaire étymologique du français. Paris: Le Robert. [modern FR; includes much of use on OF]

† Wartburg, Walther von (1921-) Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 25 B. + Supp. Bonn: F. Klopp, Leipzig-Berlin: Teubner, Basel: Helbig & Lichtenhahn, Basel: Zbinden. [to German]

GRAMMARS

ONLINE

A whistle-stop guide, Old French Basics for Reading (distributed in our first session; password-protected PDF). It is derived from Adrian Armstrong’s Elementary Notes on Old French (U of Manchester, 1996) – for an undergraduate course – and Einhorn (1974, see next section further below).

WEMSK31 Old French; c/o The ORB (On-line Reference Book for Medieval Studies)

Joseph E. Price, U Illinois-Urbana Champaign – Old French on the Web

U Connecticut, Medieval Studies Program

U Texas (Austin), Linguistics research Center / Early Indo-European Online

Wapedia – Old French c/o Wikipedia on mobile phones

PRINT
Some classic grammars that are short and fairly sweet:

Anglade, J. (1965) Grammaire élémentaire de l’ancien français. Paris: A. Colin.

*** Einhorn, E. (1974) Old French: A Concise Handbook. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P. [includes a short glossary]

†? Foulet, Lucien (1911, [3] 1930) Petite syntaxe de l’ancien français. Paris: Champion.

*** Zink, G. (1987) L’Ancien français (XIe – XIIe s.). Paris: P.U.F. (Que sais-je?).

ABOUT OLD FRENCH: LANGUAGE/HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS

*** Bernard Cerquiglini: Merci Professeur! (TV5)

“The eminent linguist and acknowledged expert on the French language reveals and explains a linguistic curiosity every day: so that light may be cast on the language of Racine, through its words’ and expressions’ opaque origins. The Professor finds justifications for tricky agreements and strange spellings; acting as an apologist and reconciliator, he enables us to make peace with words and with grammatical rules, through stories that are often rather piqant.”

*** Ayres-Bennett, Wendy (1994) A History of the French Language through Texts. London: Routledge. Good, practical, hands-on.

† Bruneau, C. and Brunot, Ferdinand (1966) Histoire de la langue française des origines à nos jours. 13 t. Paris: Colin.

*** Cerquiglini, Bernard (1991) La Naissance du français. Paris: P.U.F. (Que sais-je?); and indeed anything else by him (L’Eloge de la variante, for example).

† Gilliéron, J. and Edmont, ed. (1902-1920) Atlas linguistique de la France. 12 t.. + suppléments. Paris: Champion [under revision by the C.N.R.S.].

Picoche, J. and Marchello-Nizia, Christiane (1991) Histoire de la langue française. Paris: Nathan; and indeed anything else by Marchello-Nizia.

Price, G. (1971) The French Language: Present and Past. London: Arnold

Rickard, Peter (1974, 1989) A History of the French Language. London: Routledge.

Zink, G. (1989) Morphologie du français médiéval. Paris: P.U.F. (Que sais-je?).

and again, FRENCH ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARIES

Dauzat, Albert, Dubois, Jean, and Mitterand, Henri (1964, 1995) Dictionnaire étymologique et historique du français. Paris: Larousse.

† Godefroy, F. (1880-1902) Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de toutes ses dialectes, du IXe au XVe s. 10 t. Paris: F. Vieweg; rep. Liechtenstein: Kraus.

Picoche, J. (1992) Dictionnaire étymologique du français. Paris: Le Robert.

† Wartburg, Walther von (1921-) Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 25 B. + Supp. Bonn: F. Klopp, Leipzig-Berlin: Teubner, Basel: Helbig & Lichtenhahn, Basel: Zbinden. [to German]

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